Bonus “glitch” post: how to use an ellipsis

I received a request for a post on how to use an ellipsis (plural: ellipses); this is it.

The tl;dr version: Use an ellipsis (…) to indicate either a dramatic pause within a sentence or a thought trailing off.

The Chicago Manual of Style makes a distinction between an ellipsis and what it calls suspension points. Technically, an ellipsis indicates an omission from a quote, and you’re unlikely to use that when writing fiction, although you may use it when writing blog posts, etc. Suspension points and an ellipsis look exactly alike: three dots in a row. As you may guess from the name, suspension points are used to indicate suspended or trailing-off thought, which likely will come up in fiction.

I’m using the term ellipsis to cover both, though, because, as far as I can tell, no one outside Professional Editor-dom (and not everyone in it) uses the term suspension points, and I’m writing these posts to eliminate confusion. Most of what I’ll cover here deals with ellipses in their “suspension points” aspect.

“This could be perfect, but…”

This is an example of correct ellipsis usage, where the speaker trails off rather than completing the thought.

My mind is being taken over by Prompts… And I love it!

In the above example, the ellipsis correctly shows a dramatic pause. However, the word and should not be capitalized (and neither should prompts, although that, as scientists would say, is outside the scope of this project), because it is a continuation of the same compound sentence that started before the ellipsis, not a new sentence. (A “dramatic pause” at the end of a sentence is best indicted with something other than an ellipsis. Save the end-of-sentence ellipses for trailing off.)

One common issue I see with using ellipses is not knowing whether to start a new sentence and capitalize the next word. The solution is easy: capitalize the next word or not as you would if the ellipsis weren’t there: “Hold on… You said this would be easy, dammit.”

Another issue is punctuation after an ellipsis. If a sentence, minus the ellipsis, would end in a question mark, add a question mark after the ellipsis. The same goes for exclamation points. (“What the…? You, get out of…!”) Do not add a period after thoughts trailing off.

In dialogue where there’s an ellipsis before the tag, add a comma after the ellipsis, just as if the ellipsis weren’t there: “The last time I tried this…,” she said.

[edit] One more thing… I forgot to mention spacing. This one’s easy: Do not run the ellipsis into the next word/beginning of the next sentence. Include a space after the ellipsis, just as you would after a word or sentence.


About Thomas Weaver

For several years, I’ve been putting my uncanny knack for grammar and punctuation, along with an eclectic mental collection of facts, to good use as a Wielder of the Red Pen of Doom (editor). I'm physically disabled, and I currently live with my smugly good-looking twin Paul, who writes military science fiction and refuses to talk about his military service because he can’t. Sometimes Paul and I collaborate on stories, and sometimes I just edit whatever he writes. It's worked out rather well so far. My list of non-writing-related jobs from the past includes librarian, art model, high school teacher, science lab gofer… Although I have no spouse or offspring to tell you about, I do have eight cats. I currently spend my time blogging, reading, editing, and fending off cats who like my desk better than my twin’s.
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4 Responses to Bonus “glitch” post: how to use an ellipsis

  1. I wish… I cannot trick my Apple products into letting me choose whether to capitalize the next word, or not. I’ve even tried extra letters that can be deleted after I finish the sentence. There might be some deep setting I can change somewhere, but I haven’t found it.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Much appreciated! I knew most of this, but I did not know about the comma before the dialogue tag. Always great to learn something new! ^.^

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Thanks!! This makes a lot of sense, appreciate you taking time to answer.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. shaunkellett says:

    Haha! I recognise this glitch. I’m glad to see I was partially right in my usage. I think I’ll have to correct those stray capitals!

    Liked by 1 person

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